great state of iowa, and he very kindly joins us tonight to explain his proposal. senator, thank you very much for being here. >> hey, ezra, nice to be with you. thanks. >> so tell me, how does your proposed reform work? >> well, basically, my proposal is, again, as you said, it would still allow the senate to slow things down a little bit. but it would not permit the minority to actually stop something. my proposal is very simple. that on the first vote you would need 60 votes. if you didn't get 60 votes, you would have to wait three days. you could offer it again. then you would need 57 votes. if you didn't get that, you'd have to wait three more days, during which time you could be filibusters. and then after that, you need 54 votes. and then you could continue to filibuster. and after three more days, you just need 51 votes. so that after say about eight or nine days, 51 votes gets to decide what goes on the senate floor. and that's really the essence of it. that it can slow it down, but the minority can't just stop something.